Comune di Bologna
Bologna is the seventh largest city in Italy as far as the number of inhabitants is concerned (almost 400,000), and sixth in economic importance. The metropolitan area of Bologna (more than 900,000 inhabitants) ranks second after Milan. Important features of Bologna are its high level of economic development and extensive pre-school, educational, social, cultural and sport services.
The Municipality works actively towards the goal of urban sustainability.
In December of 2007 was approved the new Urban Energy Programme with an Urban Energy Action plan discussed in a public forum. The New Energy Plan defines homogeneous city’s areas (BEU) for energetic, urban and environmental characteristics, performance standard: building\block energy and environmental indicators, like energy efficiency class (kWh/sqm) and application of a set of specific performance standards in each BEU to bring a reduction of greenhouses emission in each new urban area identified in the new Urban Plan (PSC).
The Municipality of Bologna – since the early ’90 - has focused its government policies and plans towards a concrete commitment in the use of new networking technologies for the delivery of information and services to the community and the development of eCitizenship.
The Iperbole Civic Network, first in Italy and second in Europe after Amsterdam, was born in 1995.
Iperbole is a kind of “holistic platform” for information, e-services, interaction and exchanges with and among end-users; is also conceived as a participative web site, shared by public interest and no-profit bodies of the metropolitan area, and as an ongoing laboratory to promote the knowlege society at local level.
According to its policies of making web services multichannel and ubiquitous, on 2006 the Bologna Municipality also started the "Iperbole Wireless" project, with the aim to use the Wi-Fi infrastructure and provide for free broadband access and innovative contents to the community. “Iperbole Wireless” covers – within the frame of different partnerships and the collaboration of the University as for contents of the dedicated “on air” portal – a city centre wide area including the City Hall, the main square of town, some roads of the historic center near the University, the city's most important municipal libraries, the culture/arts district, the new premises of the Municipality, and some other places inside and outside the city center.
One of the key points of the Municipality ITC Strategy is the horizontal, inter-institutional, multi-level cooperation and governance, in order to achieve resource effectiveness, generate synergies and standardise approaches and languages. Finding common grounds in policies and visions between institutions (and NGO) at local/territorial level is a crucial approach to reach our most important medium and long-term goals:
- Interactive/multichannel and secure on line services implementation in a smart city context.
- New media communication and mobile government development (wireless, seamless and ubiquitous internet) with focus also on service and contents designed for broadband in motion.
- Social networking, web 2.0 “world”, semantic web, UGC, rating and folksonomy, tagging, geotagging, etc.
- Participative processes (on line and off line) in decision making in order to stimulateproactive citizens, mature users for e-gov services.
The Bologna Municipality will contribute to the project by providing the needed distributed technical infrastructures (and supporting services to make the provision performances appropriate) to be tested and used be by citizens - individuals, communities, SMEs, NGOs, etc. The Bologna Municipality will contribute also by developing an awareness and dissemination strategy capable to involve all the relevant stakeholders to successful results, at local and regional level.
The infrastructures will be provided according to proper policies of access and use, supported by open data made available, related to the main fields of smart mobility and e-inclusion.
The main goal is to promote the co-design and the co-creation of multichannel services and open apps through the “collective intelligence at work” represented by the rich and distributed network of individuals, NGOs, SMEs, bottom-up communities and third sector.
The Municipality will act both as a public open data provider and infrastructure provider, and as public agency and Living Labs, through its Iperbole Civic Network and the Iperbole Wireless open service, fostering e-participation and e-inclusion in favour of crowdsourcing processes and contents sharing habits. In the framework of the Living Labs activities the Iperbole Civic Network will be supported by external profit and non-profit bodies selected by an open and public selection procedure (public tender).